Using PowerShell to Find Your Wireless Signal Strength

Written by Eric Wyatt (last updated April 12, 2021)

Wi-Fi is great; it allows us to set up our computers in various locations, all without the need to be hardwired through an ethernet cable. Depending on our computer's bandwidth capability it is possible to get data moving at fairly fast speeds. But having a computer or router that has fast Wi-Fi speed capabilities does not always mean that you will get those speeds. There is a whole slew of issues that can impede your data speeds; proximity to a router, walls, other users, and more can all cause your speed to drop.

One area that might be leading to less-than-ideal connections is your signal strength. If your signal strength is low, it means that your connection with your router is not transmitting as well as it could be. So how do you check your signal strength? Many users will look at the taskbar in the lower-right corner of your screen and see the Wi-Fi icon. If some of the bars are missing, it is an indication that the signal strength is low. Relying on the wireless icon is a quick method of checking signal strength, but it is limited. What does one bar mean, or what percentage is your connection running? What if you move your computer three inches to the left and another bar appears? Does this mean that your strength improved by 25%? If you are trying to find the ideal place to put your computer, a more detailed account would be nice and helpful in finding the best place.

With PowerShell, you can type in a simple command and get an exact percentage of your computer's signal strength is. These steps assume that PowerShell is set to be shown in the secondary Windows menu. If not, look at this article explaining how to configure PowerShell to be shown.

  1. Right-click on the Start button. Windows displays the secondary Windows Start Menu.
  2. Choose Windows PowerShell. The PowerShell command prompt window is displayed.
  3. At the command prompt, type the following and then press Enter. You can also copy and paste the command directly into the PowerShell command prompt.
  4. (netsh wlan show interfaces) -Match '^\s+Signal' -Replace '^\s+Signal\s+:\s+',''
    
  5. PowerShell displays the signal strength number. (See Figure 1.)
  6. Figure 1. A computer's signal strength displayed in PowerShell.

If you are done with PowerShell, you can close the PowerShell command prompt window. If you want to move your computer (without needing to unplug from an outlet), you can move it, repeat step 3, and check if the signal improved or worsened.

If you would like additional information about your network, such as name, channel, transmit and receive rates, connection mode, or more, enter the following and press Enter (See Figure 2.) :

Figure 2. A computer's Wi-Fi information displayed in PowerShell.

netsh wlan show interfaces

Now, no more guessing is required to determine what percentage each bar of the wireless symbol represents. You can easily find the location to set up your computer, which will allow for better signal strength.

 This tip (13847) applies to Windows 10.

Author Bio

Eric Wyatt

Eric Wyatt is a swell guy (or so his friends tell him). He is a formally trained designer and branding expert, bringing a wide range of skills to his Tips.Net articles. ...

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