Performing Simple Calculations Using the Calculator

by Barry Dysert
(last updated October 20, 2014)

5

There are several calculators that come with Windows. Their capabilities range from performing simple calculations (like add, subtract, multiply, and divide) to more complicated calculations (like trigonometric functions, logarithms, and exponentiation). You can even perform certain conversions with the calculators, perform mortgage analyses, and work with dates.

To start the calculator (even though there are several calculators, they are technically different views of one "super" calculator), click Start | All Programs | Accessories | Calculator if you are using Windows 7. Since many people use the numeric keypad with Calculator (instead of the mouse), you may find it easier to just press the Windows key on your keyboard, type "calc" (without the quotes), and press Enter.

If you are using Windows 8, finding the calculator is a bit more vexing. The easiest way is to start from the Start screen and use the search capabilities to look for "calc." The app that is located will be the calculator you want to run.

The type of calculator that appears depends on the type of calculator that was used last. This tip is specific to the Standard calculator, so whichever way you invoke it you'll see the following: (See Figure 1.)

Figure 1. The Standard calculator.

If another type of calculator appears, click View | Standard to get the one that matches what's shown in the figure. As you can see, the Standard calculator provides the following features:

  • decimal digits 0 through 9, and the decimal point
  • operations: add, subtract, multiply, divide, percentage, reciprocal, square root, change sign, equals
  • clear, clear last entry, backspace
  • memory functions

You can use the mouse to click the on-screen keys or you can use the keyboard to cause the corresponding button to be pressed. (For buttons not on the keyboard you must use the mouse.) The Standard calculator does not use operator precedence like what you learned in school (i.e., how multiplication and division are performed before addition and subtraction). Rather, operations are performed in the order entered. So, for example, if you enter 3 + 2 * 4 = you'll get the answer 20 instead of 11.

The calculator has an internal memory where you can temporarily store a value. Let's say that you perform a calculation whose value you want to use in another calculation. Instead of trying to remember it or write it down, just click MS (Memory Store) to store the value in memory. Then whenever you want to use what's in memory, click the MR (Memory Recall) button. For example, say that you calculate 22 / 7 = and get the number 3.142857142857143. Click MS to store this in memory. Now if you want to take this number times several other numbers you can just click MR each time you want to use it instead of having to type it in every time.

You can also add and subtract to/from memory. For example, if you store the number 5 in memory, you can then press 10 M+ and you'll discover (by clicking MR) that the number 15 is now in memory—the calculator added 10 to the 5 that was already there. You click the MC (Memory Clear) button to clear what's in memory.

 This tip (12145) applies to Windows 7 and 8.

Author Bio

Barry Dysert

Barry has been a computer professional for over 30 years, working in different positions such as technical team leader, project manager, and software developer.  He is currently a senior software engineer with an emphasis on developing custom applications under Microsoft Windows. ...

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Comments

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What is two minus 2?

2014-10-20 09:48:24

Ben Weir

Robert, if you want the calculator to yield the results for proper string calculations as we learned in school then simply click on view at the top of the calculator and choose "Scientific".


2014-10-20 09:42:53

Ben Weir

Note: If you want the calculator to yield the results for proper string calculations as we learned in school then simply click on view at the top of the calculator and choose "Scientific".


2014-10-20 07:21:32

Rudy List

Could it be that the Standard calculator developer team were beneficiaries of the 'Common Core' agenda?


2014-10-20 06:04:26

Barry

Robert, please read the tip again. I am pointing out that with the *Standard* calculator operations are performed in the order entered, so "3+2*4" does yield 20.

The pertinent section of the Tip reads, "The Standard calculator does not use operator precedence like what you learned in school (i.e., how multiplication and division are performed before addition and subtraction). Rather, operations are performed in the order entered. So, for example, if you enter 3 + 2 * 4 = you'll get the answer 20 instead of 11."


2014-10-20 05:13:52

Robert Metcalf

Sorry:
3 + 2*4 gives 11 NOT 20


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